Copyright high pressure equipment co erie pa plug flow reactors are usually operated at steady state. Like the cstrs a constant flow of reactants and products and exit the reactor.
The plug flow reactor model pfr sometimes called continuous tubular reactor ctr is normally the name given to a model used in chemical engineering to describe chemical reactions in continuous flowing systems of cylindrical geometry.
Plug flow reactor. In pfrs however the reactor contents are not continuously stirred. Concentration changes with length down the reactor. Continuous stirred tank reactor.
Ideal plug flow reactor characteristics of ideal plug flow perfect mixing in the radial dimension uniform cross section concentration no mixing in the axial direction or no axial dispersion segregated flow tracer pulse input at t 0 translated to equal pulse output at t l v l pfr length v average velocity. Plug flow reactors are under use or in pilot plant experimentation for the treatment of animal wastes abeles 1977. Plug flow reactors pfrs another type of reactor used in industrial processes is the plug flow reactor pfr.
Continuously stirred tank reactor cstr arranged as one long reactor or many short reactors in a tube bank. B plot f a x profiles for the following wall temperatures t s. 350 k 365 k 400 k and 425 k.
Fluid going through a pfr may be modeled as flowing through the reactor as a series of infinitely thin coherent plugs each with a uniform composition traveling in the axial direction of the reac. Plug flow reactors pfrs type of reactor. The plug flow reactor model pfr also known as continuous tubular reactor ctr is the model that is used in chemical engineering.
The plug flow reactor model is a model used to describe chemical reactions in continuous flowing systems of cylindrical geometry. Pfr is basically used to describe chemical reactions in. Plug flow reactors also known as tubular reactors consist of a cylindrical pipe with openings on each end for reactants and products to flow through.
Kinds of phases present. No radial variation in reaction rate concentration. The mass flow rate is constant at 006kgs0 06 kg s 1 the density is constant at 1 025 g cmthe density is constant at 1 025 g cm3 and theand the temperature at the inlet of the reactor t 0 is 350 k.
A develop expressions for dfa dx and dt dx. The pfr model is used to predict the behaviour of chemical reactors of tubular design so. The pfr model is used to predict the behavior of chemical reactors of such design so that key reactor variables such as the dimensions of the reactor can be estimated.
Reactants are continually consumed as they flow down the length of the reactor. Advances in energy systems and technology volume 1 1978.